Walk a Mile in my Shoes - Toe Woe: Ingrown Nails - April 2012
Ingrown toenails are a common, painful foot problem. Medically called onychocryptosis, an ingrown toenail occurs when the nail, usually on the big toe, punctures the surrounding skin causing inflammation and sometimes infection. If you tend to get them, here are the steps to take.
The main cause of ingrown toenails is improper trimming of the nail, made worse by walking, especially if you wear tight or improperly fitting shoes or are very overweight. Trauma to the nail can also contribute to an ingrown toenail, as may swelling in the feet. As you age, your toenails get thicker, making it more difficult to trim them well.
It’s unclear whether the shape of the toenail (an inherited factor), plays a role. Some researchers think the problem may be with the soft tissue around the nail, not the nail itself. One small study found that people with ingrown toenails tend to have thin, flat nails and wide, fleshy soft tissue around them. An excessively curved toenail that naturally curls under at the sides instead of growing flat across, may also be more likely to become ingrown. Another study, however, found no anatomical differences in toenails between those with and without ingrown toenails.
Left untreated, the entire side of the nail can become embedded in the skin, increasing the risk of infection, which, if severe, can spread to the rest of the toe and even the foot. If you have recurrent ingrown nails or worsening pain from one, see your doctor or a podiatrist. If you have diabetes, see a health professional for any foot problem.
Treatment of ingrown toenails may include:
- For mild cases, soak your toe in warm water to soften the nail. Then, if possible, place a small piece of dental floss or cotton under the nail to keep it from cutting the skin. Repeat daily until the nail grows out. Some doctors may attach a small slit tube around the edge of the ingrown nail (a gutter splint). Don’t try to cut out an ingrown toenail yourself.
- For more severe cases, your doctor may cut away part (or all) of the toenail. For recurrent problems, chemicals or other procedures may be used to destroy part of the nail matrix to keep the nail from growing back. This can change the appearance of the nail, however, and there can still be recurrences. Though rarely done, an alternative may be to remove the soft tissue on both sides of the nail, preserving the nail—a procedure that, according to some research, has a low recurrence rate and does not change the way the toe looks.
- Another possible treatment involves filing the nail down to thin and flatten it, thereby reducing its curviness. In a small Turkish study, no recurrences occurred over six months after this treatment.
Keeping things straight
To prevent an ingrown toenail, trim your toenails straight across, with no rounded corners, and not too close. Smooth the edges with an emery board or nail file and clean the grooves at the sides with an “orange stick” manicure tool. If you can’t trim your nails yourself, consider regular visits to a podiatrist (insurance should cover the cost) or professional pedicures. It’s a myth that cutting a “V” in the middle of the toenail will prevent or cure an ingrown toenail. If you’re prone to ingrown toenails, it’s especially important to pay attention to the fit of your footwear, avoiding tight shoes and high heels.
Copyright © 2004- 2011 OKinHealth.com. This article is of the copyright of OK in Health and the author; any reproduction, duplication and transmission of the article are to have prior written approval by OK in Health or the author.
This information and research is intended to be reliable, but its accuracy cannot be guaranteed. All material in this article is provided for information only and may not be construed as medical advice or instruction. No action or inaction should be taken based solely on the contents of this newsletter / e-magazine / website. Readers should consult their doctor and other qualified health professionals on any matter relating to their health and well-being. The information and opinions provided in this newsletter / e-magazine/website are believed to be accurate and sound, based on the best judgment available to the authors. Readers who fail to consult with appropriate health authorities assume the risk of any injuries. The publisher is not responsible for any errors or omissions. OK in Health is not responsible for the information in these articles or for any content included in this article which is intended as a guide only and should not be used as a substitute to seeking professional advice from either your doctor or a registered specialist for yourself or anyone else.
Connect with Us
|Health in the News |
|Have you ever read or heard about new and amazing health research findings? Be careful. Don't immediately accept them as proven facts. A single research study does not always provide reliable evidence. Continue to look for more studies. Are most of them for or against the early report?|
|Awareness Life Products at Shirley's Studio |
|Specialty: Health Products & Companies|
Welcome to my AwarenessLife Health Store. I am an independent distributor of Awareness products. After searching for ways to help myself and my family to improve our health, I finally found answers.
|Ancient Ireland, Holiday & Music Tour with Maria O’Farrell Carr & Nancy Rebecca (September)|
|Date: Sep 8, 2014|
A fun-filled & relaxing tour of Ireland - Irish landscapes, seascapes, castles, Traditional live Irish music at night, lots of fun tours, surprises, laughter & CRAIC! ONLY 4 ROOMS LEFT!
|6 steps for 2014 by by: Andrew Weil, M.D|
|Getting healthy need not be overwhelming. Here are six simple, straightforward ways to get on track toward optimum health in the new year.|
|Roasted Sweet Patatoes with a Touch of Spice|
|Category: Side Dishes|
Description: Did you know that sweet potatoes are a great source of fiber, beta-carotene, and vitamin E?
Sweet potatoes are good for you because they have high levels of beta carotene (the same vitamin found in carrots). They are a great source of fiber when eaten with the skin on. They provide much needed nutrients such as potassium, iron and vitamin B-6.
Sweet potatoes are fat-free and cholesterol-free, and they are loaded with antioxidants that can help prevent heart disease and cancer, bolster the immune system and even slow the aging process by promoting good vision and healthy skin. They have been recently reclassified as an “anti-diabetic” food. They are anti-inflammatory and can protect against emphysema. Sweet potatoes are an excellent source of copper, manganese, potassium, iron and vitamin B-6.
Sweet potatoes are a super food and they taste great! They are excellent accompaniments to poultry, beef, lamb or seafood. They can also be substituted in virtually any recipe that calls for apples, squash or white potatoes.